Mexico in red numbers: impunity reaches 100% in homicides, femicides and sexual abuse


Justice in Mexico suffers from a level of impunity that dangerously approaches 100 percent in the national context, but that has also increased considerably in recent years; the least punished crimes are intentional homicides, femicides, sexual abuse, disappearances and kidnappings.

According to the report Findings of the organization Mexico Evaluates, the percentage of general impunity in Mexican justice went from 91.8 percent in 2021 to 96.3 in 2022, which represents a setback of 4.5 percentage points in the, already injured, access to justice.

In the crime of intentional homicide, the national average of impunity was 95.7 percent, that is, of the 26,278 people murdered in the country, more than 25,000 did not have access to justice; situation that worsens in the states of Jalisco, Mexico City, Yucatán and Zacatecas, where impunity levels reached 100 percent.

Mexico City reappears with 100 percent impunity in the crime of femicide -75 women killed by gender reason, according to official figures-, Quintana Roo and Zacatecas accompany it; while the national average is 88.6 percent. About 850 of the crimes were not punished.

In terms of disappearances, total impunity grew to the states of Aguascalientes, Mexico City, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Sonora, Tamaulipas and Zacatecas, with a national average of 96.5 percent; in sexual abuse, Aguascalientes and the capital of the country remain, in addition to Nayarit, with impunity of 100 percent.

The Mexico Evalua report also identified six states with high levels of impunity in relation to the crime of kidnapping; Aguascalientes and Mexico City repeat, and Michoacán, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo and Veracruz are added.

The national map of impunity is led by the state of Hidalgo with 99.6 percent, just below it follows Jalisco and Colima (96.5), CDMX (99.1), Aguascalientes (98.9), San Luis Potosí (98.6) and Zacatecas (98.3); most of the states exceed the 90 percent barrier, except Sonora, Guanajuato, Baja California and Chiapas.

Other of the indices in which federal institutions are failed are the levels of confidence, being the Public Ministries (-0.7) and the Judicial Power (-0.5) those that lost more approval of the population at the national level.

At the local level, the Army lost 3.95 and the National Guard 3.1 points of confidence in Chihuahua; while in Mexico City the most hit dependency was the Public Ministries with a fall of 3.3.

The perception of corruption also increased from 2021 to 2022 in all institutions related to security and justice procurement: the FGR went from 54.8 to 57.8, the State Police from 62.9 to 64.6, the Public Ministries from 62.4 to 64.7 and the Army from 24.8 to 25.5.

In its conclusions, Mexico Evaluates refers to the “non-existence of criminal policies and prosecution strategies capable of reacting to the complex phenomena of criminality and of giving differentiated responses according to the seriousness of the crimes”.

It also warns that in most of the states of the country there is a tendency to increase impunity, leaving thousands of victims of various crimes defenseless, who must face a criminal system that does not promote the guarantee of rights, but that points only to the prosecution of crimes and imposition of sanctions, something that it also does not achieve.

Source: Infobae