In many experts’ opinions, criminal justice reforms alone cannot reduce crime in Mexico.
The percentage of Mexican people living in poverty continued to grow between 2018 and 2020, increasing by 7.3% during these years.
Inequality between Mexico’s richest and poorest people also remains on the rise, making it one of the most unequal countries in the world. Some research shows that strengthening educational systems in Mexico – and reducing inequality – could help curb crime.
These factors – in addition to illicit drug usage in the U.S. and demand for drugs transported through Mexico – all form a complicated web that will need to be untangled, and systematically addressed, before criminal justice reforms alone can help make Mexico a safer and more just country.