Mexican President Andréz Manuel López Obrador’s decision last week to put management of the country’s customs operations in the hands of the military has claimed one of his Cabinet ministers who opposed the move.
López Obrador said on Thursday, July 23rd, that he had accepted the resignation of Communication and Transportation Secretary Javier Jiménez Espriú. The president said he had a “dispute” with Jiménez, who thought Mexico’s seaports should be managed by the Communication and Transportation Secretariat.
“I believe that because of the current situation, because of the corruption that reigns in the ports, in customs and finally also because of the contraband and drugs entering the ports we need in addition to good administration, we need security and protection in the ports and for that reason the support of the Navy is required,” López Obrador said.
In his resignation letter, Jiménez expressed “concern about the serious consequences that I think this measure will have for Mexico economically and politically, in the present and the future,” though he did not explain what exactly worried him,. In recent months, observers have expressed concerns about the military’s increasing role in the economy and law enforcement in Mexico without appropriate counterbalances or outside supervision.
The president had announced last Friday his decision to hand management of sea and land ports of entry over to the navy and the army. He used the example of the Pacific port of Manzanillo in explaining his decision.
“I’m very worried by what has happened in Colima,” he said. “It is a small state with very good people, and it is the state, the federal territory with the most homicides in the entire country and this is because of the port of Manzanillo.”
Mexican cartels use the country’s Pacific coast sea ports to import industrial-scale shipments of precursor drug chemicals from Asia, often sending the drugs they make north to the United States. In 2010, a then-record 200-metric-ton shipment of meth precursors was seized at the Manzanillo port.
“I am very, very, very very worried about the entrance of the drug fentanyl,” López Obrador, referring to the synthetic opioid that has contributed to spikes in overdose deaths in the United States.
Rumors of Jiménez’s imminent departure had circulated since López Obrador’s announcement last week.
It was the latest in a series of new roles that López Obrador has entrusted to the nation’s armed forces, which are now involved in everything from construction of government infrastructure projects to running tree nurseries for the president’s tree-planting initiative.
Jiménez’s departure is the clearest sign of civilian concern with the growing influence of the military within the president’s Cabinet. Last year, Tonatiuh Guillén, resigned as director of the National Immigration Institute after Mexico, under pressure from the United States, hardened its handling of migrants transiting the country. That policy shift included deploying the National Guard to help corral migrants.
“López Obrador has shown he has an unshakable faith in the armed forces. No president has ever entrusted them with so many tasks. That assumes that military discipline is the perfect antidote to the country’s worst problems,” columnist Ricardo Raphael wrote in the newspaper El Universal, adding “But the evidence put that in doubt.” The military has been put in charge of ports before, and that has not stopped the contraband.
Thursday’s resignation was announced in an unusual video posted by López Obrador of him talking with Jiménez and his replacement as Transportation Secretary, civil engineer Jorge Arganis Díaz Leal, inside the National Palace.
Most shipments of fentanyl or the precursor chemicals used to make it, are believed to come from Asia through Pacific coast ports like Manzanillo or Lazaro Cardenas to the south. Cartels use the same route to import chemicals used to make methamphetamines.
The president said retired Navy officers would be put in charge of running all of Mexico’s ports. But the military approach has been tried before.
In 2013, the government put the Navy in charge of the Lazaro Cardenas seaport of the neighboring state of Michoacan after the Knights Templar drug cartel reached such astonishing levels of control that it was found to be operating bulk freight yards and participating in the iron ore trade at the port.
In 2019, Mexican treasury secretary Carlos Urzúa resigned over disagreements about staffing decisions, and the environment secretary also resigned.